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Cat Large Wheel Loaders are designed with durability built in, ensuring maximum availability through multiple life cycles. With optimized performance and simplified serviceability, our machines allow you to move more material efficiently and safely at a lower cost per ton.
Introduced in 1990, the 994 has become the top customer choice in its size class for over 25 years. Focused on helping our customers succeed, we have continued to build upon each new series' legacy of reliability, safety, operator comfort, serviceability and sustainability.
All images included in this Specalog show a U.S. EPA Tier 1/EU Stage I Equivalent configuration. It's important to note that the Tier 4 Final/EU Stage V Equivalent will have some physical differences, including the presence of a DEF tank.

Cat Specs


Net Power
1739 HP
6.7 in
8.5 in
Note (1)
The power ratings apply when tested under the reference conditions for the specified standard.
4766 in³
Note (2)
The net power advertised is the power available at the flywheel when the engine is equipped with fan, alternator, air cleaner, and muffler.
Torque Rise
39% %
Note (3)
The gross power advertised is with the fan at maximum speed.
Note (4)
*Tier 4 Final/EU Stage IV configuration is ready to meet Stage V emission requirements once in effect.
Rated Speed
1,600 rpm
Engine Model
Cat® 3516E
Gross Power - ISO 14396
1847 HP
Gross Power - SAE J1995
1870 HP
U.S. EPA Tier 4 Final/EU Stage IV* or U.S. EPA Tier 1/EU Stage I Equivalent

Operating Specifications

Operating Weight
534852 lb
Bucket Capacity Range
19.1-24.5 m3 (25-32 yd3)


Bucket Capacities
19.1-24.5 m3 (25-32 yd3)

Hydraulic System - Lift/Tilt

Cylinders, Double Acting - Lift, Bore and Stroke
370 × 1713 mm (14.6 × 67.4 in)
Pilot System
Open Loop and Pressure Reducing
Lift/Tilt System - Pump
Variable Displacement Piston
Lift/Tilt System - Circuit
Positive Flow Control
Relief Valve Setting - Lift/Tilt
4587 psi

Hydraulic System - Steering

Relief Valve Setting - Steering
4496 psi
Steering Cycle Times - High Idle
4.3 s
Steering Cycle Times - Low Idle
7.6 s
Steering System - Pump
Piston, Variable Displacement
Total Steering Angle
80 degrees °
Steering System - Circuit
Pilot, Load Sensing


Transmission Type
Cat Planetary Power Shift
Forward - 1
4.6 mile/h
Forward - 2
8 mile/h
Reverse - 1
5 mile/h
Reverse - 2
8.8 mile/h
Direct Drive - Forward 3
15.2 mile/h
Forward - 3
13.6 mile/h
Travel speeds based on 58/85-57 tires.
Reverse - 3
14.9 mile/h
Direct Drive - Reverse 2
9.6 mile/h
Direct Drive - Forward 2
8.7 mile/h
Direct Drive - Reverse 3
16.8 mile/h


Oscillation Angle

Hydraulic Cycle Times

Rack Back
4.9 s
12.6 s
3.1 s
Lower Float Down
4.2 s


ISO 3450:2011